The park sits on a foundation of bedrock formed 500 million years ago. It is made of metamorphosed reddish granite-granodiorite with darker mafic intrusive layers, which are exposed at several points in the park. Several branches of North Buffalo Creek originate from underground springs on campus traverse through the part and flow northward into the Lake Daniel neighborhood and eventually into the Cape Fear River. The small streams illustrate processes of natural stream erosion, deposition, and channel migration, and they form a haven for wildlife within the City of Greensboro.
The park is home to many native plants characteristic of the Carolina Piedmont. The woods is a small fragment of the oak-hickory forest that once covered the Piedmont. In it, one can spot native woodland wildflowers (such as Trout Lily, Wild Ginger, Red Trillium, Beechdrops, and False Solomon’s-Seal), and native shrubs and understory trees (such as Viburnum, Strawberry bush, Silverbell, Eastern Redbud, and Dogwood, the North Carolina state tree). The forest canopy is predominately White Oak, Southern Red Oak, Hickory, Tulip Tree, American Beech, and Sycamore. Also liverworts, ferns, and horsetails are seen along the stream banks.
Suitable habitat exists for animals. Mallard ducks are often seen on the streams and new wetlands, and small fish, crayfish, and aquatic invertebrates live in the streams. Red-tailed and Cooper’s hawks, red-bellied woodpeckers, and many smaller birds call Peabody Park home. Others use the park as an important stopover during annual migrations. Plant pollinators have become increasingly abundant because of the development of the Piedmont Prairie, and occasionally, one can spot a fox, raccoon, turkey, or possum.
Here you can peruse a visual field guide of the species found in Peabody Park. The categories are listed for ease of searching rather than by scientific families, but the scientific family and name is given in each entry.
Plants and Fungi
- Gymnosperms (conifers)
- Angiosperms (flowering plants)
- Ferns and Horsetails
- Lichens and Fungi
If you have a photo taken of any organism in the park that we do not have already, and are willing to share, please send us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Also many thanks to UNCG Biology Lecturer, Heather Rushforth, for compiling the photos and creating the plant key you see here. UNCG Biology Undergraduate, James Bredon, is responsible for compiling the photos and creating the animal key.